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Amusement Rides Legislation

The Amusement Rides Safety Act 2011 is a regulatory framework, aimed at safeguarding public safety in amusement rides.

What is an amusement ride?

An amusement ride is defined in the Act as any mechanised or power-driven device that:

  • Carries patrons on a fixed or restricted course, or within a defined area
  • Designed for the primary purpose of giving patrons amusement, thrills, or excitement
  • Available for use by members of the public

Specific rides that the Act covers but is not covered by the definition includes:

  • Bungee devices
  • Water slides above a certain height
  • Cable car systems
For the full list, please refer to the 2nd and 4th schedule of the Regulations

What is not an amusement ride?

The Act excludes the following:

  • Low power, battery-operated rides for children 
  • Wave pool
  • Lazy river

For more details please refer to the 3rd schedule of the Regulations

Which rides are included in the safety regulations?

The Amusement Rides Safety Regulations covers a variety of rides.

Major rides covered

  • An aerial ropeway
  • A bungee device
  • A reverse bungee device
  • A motion-based simulator
  • A water slide where there is an additional mechanical or electrical device that propels the sliding device along any point in the ride
  • A drop tower, indoor skydiving device or jump device, where the maximum vertical displacement a patron is taken through in the course of the ride is equal to or exceeds 5 metres
  • A ferris wheel or gyro tower, where the maximum vertical displacement a patron is taken through in the course of the ride is equal to or exceeds 10 metres
  • A flume ride, river rafting ride, roller coaster or train, where the acceleration that the patron is subjected to corresponds with Areas 3, 4, or 5 in the restraint determination diagram in either of these standards:

    a. ASTM F 2291-09b, or
    b.BS EN 13814

  • A carousel, roundabout, swinging ride or any other amusement ride in item 28 of the First Schedule of the Amusement Rides Safety Regulations where:

    c. the acceleration that the patron is subjected to corresponds with Areas 3, 4, or 5 in the restraint determination diagram, according to the standard ASTM F 2291-09b or BS EN 13814; or
    d. the maximum vertical displacement a patron is taken through in the course of the ride is equal to or exceeds 10 metres

Non-major rides covered

  • An air-inflated enclosure
  • A human-powered carriage that is 5 metres or more above ground or floor level
  • A skydiving device
  • An inflatable which a patron may enter upon or within or climb on:
    • which has any enclosed space that is fully or partially roofed over or covered, the base of which enclosed space occupies an area equal to or exceeding 30 square metres;
    • which has any enclosed space that is fully or partially roofed over or covered of any size, within which the maximum vertical displacement of a patron using the inflatable is equal to or exceeds 5 metres; or
    • the base of which occupies an area equal to or exceeding 150 square metres, whether or not the inflatable has any enclosed space
  • A jump device
  • A luge
  • A static simulator, whether coin operated or otherwise:
    • where the patron experiences acceleration corresponding to that in Area 3, 4 or 5 in the restraint determination diagram in the standard ASTM F 2291-09b or BS EN 13814; or
    • in relation to which the patron who is riding on the device may revolve about a horizontal or inclined axis through an angle equal to or greater than 60 degrees on either side of a theoretical vertical plane on which the axis of the device lies
  • A trampoline bungee
  • A water slide where the maximum vertical displacement a patron is taken through in the course of the ride is equal to or exceeds 5 metres, or where there is an additional mechanical or electrical device that propels the sliding device along any point in the ride
  • A wave-surfing device
  • A zip line where:
    • the maximum vertical displacement a patron is taken through in the course of the ride is equal to or exceeds 5 metres, or
    • at any point along the entire length of the zip line -
      • the patron may be at a height that is equal to or exceeds 10 metres above the access level; or
      • there is no access level

Rides not covered

  • Any power-driven amusement ride that has a total motive power rating of not more than 1.1 kilowatts
  • A lazy river ride
  • A wave pool

Risk and safety profile of amusement rides

All amusement rides need to be assessed and certified.

Type of ride

Assessed and certified by

Qualifications

Database

All rides

Qualified Person (QP)

QP is a specialist professional engineer, registered in the discipline of amusement ride engineering with the Professional Engineers Board

Professional Engineers Board database

 

Major amusement ride with a higher risk and safety profile

QP, with advice and opinion from a conformity assessor (CA)

CA has expertise carrying procedures (including inspections, tests and certifications) to determine whether the design and specifications, proposed installation or modification method or programme conforms to the technical standard or requirement.

 

Legal responsibilities

Learn more about the legal responsibilities of ride operators and managers as stated in the Amusement Rides Safety Act

Incident notification

Learn more about the different type of adverse events and the procedure for incident notification.

Permit and notification forms

Access the relevant forms needed to apply for permits to operate amusement rides in Singapore, or for updating BCA of any status changes.

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