Workers Upgrading Pathways

To raise the quality and productivity of our construction workforce, the Ministry of Manpower (MOM) will require all construction firms to have at least 10% of their work permit holders (WPHs) to be qualified as "Higher Skilled" R1 workers.

There are four pathways for firms to upgrade their "Basic Skilled" R2 WPHs to "Higher Skilled" R1 workers:



Minimum years of experience

Skills or certification required

Minimum fixed monthly salary

CoreTrade Scheme

Registration scheme for experienced workers in the various key construction trades, who have passed the stipulated skill assessments by BCA.

4 years


No minimum

Multi-Skilling Scheme

Allows the upgrading of WPHs who have at least 4 years of construction experience in Singapore, and are certified in 2 or more trade skills.

4 to 6 years


No minimum

Direct R1 Pathway

Allows the upgrading of workers who pass the SEC (K) at Direct R1 higher skills standards, and draw a fixed monthly salary of $1,600 or more.

No minimum



Market-Based Skills Recognition Framework

Allows the upgrading of workers who have at least 6 years' construction experience in Singapore, and earn a fixed monthly salary of $1,600 or more.

6 years



Click into the individual pathways to read more about the qualifying criteria and application procedure.

Online portal for CoreTrade registration, Multi-skilling registration and Direct R1 renewal.

Information on hiring foreign manpower, applying for work passes and permits, employment rights and conditions under the Employment Act, and more.

Popular e-Services


The Construction Workforce Registration System (CWRS) is an online portal for CoreTrade and Multi-skilling registration and the renewal of Direct R1 eligibility.

Overseas Testing Management System

OTMS allows you to register the workers for Identity Verification and to check your registration status online.

Lifts and Escalators Application (LEAP) Portal

Lift and escalator owners, contractors and Specialist Professional Engineers (SPEs) can apply for and view applications for Permit to Operate (PTO) here.